Canada is faced with the dual challenge of reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases and lowering the levels of urban air pollution.

It is an accepted fact that burning fossil fuels such as diesel and gasoline has increased the carbon-dioxide levels in the earth’s atmosphere, which is causing significant global climate change. Global climate change will cause a significant rise in Canada’s mean daily temperature (up to 10oC). This will result in more frequent and violent storms, new diseases, a rise in the sea level (up to 1m) and the loss of valuable ecosystems and species, all of which will cost Canadians millions of dollars. At the Kyoto Conference, Canada agreed to take measures to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases, of which transportation is the largest contributor (31% of CO2). However, at present there are few available technologies to accomplish this and those that do exist are costly or still in the developmental stages.

In addition, Montreal currently experiences a smog problem, especially in the summer months, due largely to emissions from vehicles. A large portion of the smog is the product of sulfur and ash, released from diesel vehicles, which have been linked to respiratory problems and the deterioration of the local ecology and buildings. Environment Canada and the US Environmental Protection Agency have recommended that the sulfur levels in diesel fuel be significantly reduced in order to lessen the impact of burning diesel fuel. They have also called for a reduction in the the emissions of other smog forming substances. Clearly there is an immediate need for a sulfur free fuel that burns cleanly.

 

 

 

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Urban pollution
Global Warming and Pollution
  • Global Warming will cost Canadians millions of dollars in future rebuilding and health costs

  • Montreal experiences an 8.4% rise in mortality rates on bad smog days

  • Environment Canada estimates that $10 Billion could be saved annually if smog were significantly reduced

  • Over 80% of Canadians live in areas which experience smog problems.